In this project specific attention is given to the spatial planning and procedural law in planning processes. It focuses on network planning, i.e. the planning processes for the expansion of electricity transmission lines, as well as wind energy planning, as a key technology among renewable energies.
The project aims to draw conclusions about how to adjust the spatial planning law in a way that on one hand takes account of requests for acceleration and expansion, and on the other hand considers the requirements of environmental protection and the rights and interests of people that are affected by the plans. A key starting point is a comprehensible requirement planning and an assessment of alternatives that involves the public already at the beginning of the planning process and sets important conditions for public acceptance.
The German legislator has already taken important steps in this regard and enacted for example the “Energiewirtschaftsgesetz” (Law on Energy Management) and the “Netzausbaubeschleunigungsgesetz” (Law on Acceleration of the Energy Network) that both can be seen as a response to the disaster of 'Stuttgart 21'. In addition to an analysis of these laws it is also planned to accompany the implementation process of those laws.
Building upon the acceptance study, different planning options in the wind energy sector will be investigated with respect to public preferences. Economic valuation methods (i.e. Choice Experiments) will be used to identify the most preferred options. Among other things, insights into communities’ preferences regarding the power supply system (independent power supply vs. supply through energy companies) will be generated.